DFB lasers with apodized surface gratings for wavelength stabilization and high efficiency

J. Fricke, J. Decker, A. Maaßdorf, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, A. Knigge and P. Crump

Published in:

Semicond. Sci. Technol., vol. 32, no. 7, pp. 075012 (2017).

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Abstract:

We present results of GaAs-based distributed-feedback (DFB) broad-area (BA) lasers with integrated surface-etched gratings. Lasers with longitudinally varying (apodized) Bragg gratings are compared to lasers with uniform gratings. DFB-BA lasers with apodized gratings show improved conversion efficiency and output power compared to those with uniform gratings. DFB-BA lasers with narrow contact stripe width W = 30µm and resonator length L = 6mm show a peak conversion efficiency of 60% and maintain efficiency >50% to an output power of >6 W. The spectral FWHM linewidth is below 0.5 nm. Furthermore DFB lasers with implemented apodized gratings are less sensitive to fabrication tolerances.

Ferdinand-Braun-Institut, Leibniz-Institut für Höchstfrequenztechnik, Gustav-Kirchhoff-Str. 4, 12489 Berlin, Germany

Keywords:

laser diode, Bragg grating, DFB laser, wavelength stabilization.